A huge thanks to Jolie Parker for sending me an ISO device for this blog post!!
I am always trying to find an exercise that is fairly easy for my patients. A great exercise is the Shaker. The guidelines for repetitions are provided! Not many exercises come with instructions for reps. The Shaker focuses on the suprahyoid muscles and assists with UES opening, reducing pyriform sinus residue.
The problem with the Shaker is that it is very difficult to complete.
One thing I do know about exercise is that by adding resistance, you are adding “weight” to the exercise. Now, most people don’t run to the gym to lift “air weights”. They left weights and then add to the weight to increase muscle and strength.
I recently wrote a post about an article for CTAR or Chin Tuck Against Resistance. Another great article to read is about an exercise called Jaw Opening Against Resistance. CTAR is very similar to the Shaker, however the patient remains seated upright and use a device for the resistance.
Initially, I used the Neckline Slimmer as resistance. The Neckline Slimmer is a tiny little device with a spring inside. You push down using your chin on the top until you can no longer push. The bottom portion of the device is on your chest so you are doing a chin tuck. The spring offers resistance. The spring is also interchangable and comes in low, medium and high resistance.
The trouble with the Neckline Slimmer, which was created to help people eliminate a double chin, doesn’t last as long as I long as I would like it to last. It also can be a little painful for my elderly patients, who are very thin especially. The plate that rests against the chest often hurt the patient.
Now, if you are on Facebook and “like” anything dysphagia-related, you have probably seen the ISO device. This is a device created for the CTAR and JOAR exercises! It is a larger device with padding on both the chest piece and the chin piece. The device is made from a flexible polycarbonate and is easy to hold and to use.
A video demonstrating use of the ISO Swallowing Exercise Device (ISO SED) can be viewed here.
The ISO SED can be purchased for $99, however can be used with multiple patients as it has chin pad covers. The ISO was used with considerably more ease than the Neckline Slimmer, is more durable and less painful.
If you are interested in checking out the ISO SED, you can find more information here.
Clark, H.M. (2005). Therapeutic exercise in dysphagia management: Philosophies, practices and challenges. Perspectives in Swallowing and Swallowing Disorders, 24-27.
Burkhead L.M., Sapienza C.M., Rosenbek J.C. (2007). Strength training exercise in dysphagia rehabilitation: Principles, procedures and directions for future research. Dysphagia; 22: 251-265.
Clark, Heather M. “Neuromuscular Treatments for Speech and SwallowingA Tutorial.” American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology 12.4 (2003): 400-415.
Wada, Satoko, et al. “Jaw-opening exercise for insufficient opening of upper esophageal sphincter.” Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation 93.11 (2012): 1995-1999.
Yoon, Wai Lam, Jason Kai Peng Khoo, and Susan J. Rickard Liow. “Chin tuck against resistance (CTAR): new method for enhancing suprahyoid muscle activity using a Shaker-type exercise.” Dysphagia 29.2 (2014): 243-248.