Apraxia-Loss of ability to perform purposeful movements, in the absence of paralysis or sensory disturbance, caused by lesions in the cortex.
Aspiration-The act of inhalation.
Auscultation-Act of listening for sounds within the body.
Barium-An element of the alkaline earth group of metals. It has an atomic symbol Ba, atomic number 56, and atomic weight 138.
Bolus-A bite of food or drink of liquid in the oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, or esophagus.
Buccal-Pertaining to the cheek.
Deglutition-The act or process of swallowing.
Dehydration-The condition that results from excessive loss of body water.
Diverticulum-A pathological condition manifested as a pouch or sac opening from a tubular or sacular organ.
Dry Swallow-The act of swallowing only saliva, not food or drink.
Dysphagia-Difficulty in swallowing.
Epiglottis-Thin leaf-shaped cartilage, covered with mucous membrane, at the root of the tongue, which folds back over the entrance to the larynx, covering it, during the act of swallowing.
Esophagus-The muscular tube through which food passes from the throat to the stomach.
Globus Sensation-A constant feeling of a lump in the throat.
Larynx-An irregularly shaped, musculocartilaginous tubular structure, lined with mucous membrane, located at the top of the trachea and below the root of the tongue and the hyoid bone.
Oropharynx-Oral part of the pharynx.
PES (Pharyngeal Esophageal Segment)- the opening to the esophagus, sometimes called the upper esophageal sphincter.
Pharynx-The hollow tube about 5 inches long that starts behind the nose and ends at the top of the trachea and esophagus.
Reflux-The term used when liquid backs up into the esophagus from the stomach.
Trachea-The cartilaginous and membranous tube descending from the larynx and branching into the right and left main bronchi.
Xerostomia-Decreased salivary flow.