Exercise

Exercise

Recent and some previous dysphagia literature emphasizes the use of exercise physiology. Researchers such Lazarus et. al, Robbins et.al, Burkhead et. al and Clark have published the need for incorporating exercise physiology into dysphagia therapy. They emphasize the need to understand the muscles involved in the swallowing mechanism, understand their function so that you can [...]

CTAR (Chin Tuck Against Resistance)

CTAR (Chin Tuck Against Resistance)

Way back in 2014...... Way back in 2014, an article was published describing Chin Tuck Against Resistance. When we look at patients with dysphagia from Pharyngoesophageal Segment (PES) dysfunction, we look at strengthening the suprahyoid muscles. These muscles assist in hyolaryngeal excursion and therefore play a part in esophageal opening. Isokinetic vs. Isometric CTAR vs [...]